The Rise And Fall Of Intel, and The Potential Turnaround Of The Decade

Moore’s Law states that the number of transistors on a microchip doubles about every two years, though the cost of computers becomes half. Another tenet of Moore’s Law says that the growth of microprocessors is exponential.
This observation was made in 1965 by Gordon E. Moore, the co-founder of Intel, which became known as Moore’s law.
Moore went forward to co-found Intel, with a vision to create a company that would reflect his belief in continuous innovation. While Moore’s law is still valid for the development of microprocessors, it’s no longer valid for the development of Intel.

Intel Corporation, more frequently referred to as Intel, is an American technology company with its headquarters based in California. It is the top revenue-producing semiconductor chip manufacturer in the world, and also one of the developers of the x86 instruction sets used in most computers worldwide. Along with producing microprocessors, embedded processors, flash memory, graphics chips, network interface controllers, and motherboard chipsets, Intel also produces additional computer and communication-related products.

A Little Bit Of History behind Intel

On a hot summer day in the middle of May 1967, Robert Noyce was mowing his lawn when Gordon Moore dropped by to discuss the state of their current jobs at Fairchild Semiconductor, where Mr. Noyce had co-invented the integrated circuit. As their conversation continued, they started talking about the possibility of a new industry.

On July 18, 1968, they started the company under the name NM Electronics (or MN Electronics), but before the end of the month, they had switched to Intel, which stood for Integrated Electronics. They had to purchase the name’s trademark rights since the hotel chain Intelco had already registered “Intel” as a trademark.

In the following months, Intel got up and running with colossal progress. The first commercial CPU was invented by Intel, called the Intel 4004.

Fall From Grace: Why is Intel Falling Behind?

However, in recent years, Intel has fallen far out of the competition. While there are multiple reasons behind this including manufacturing delays and changing leadership, the main reason behind this is complacency.

Slow adoption of 10 nm nodes
While the industry moved on to the 10nm process, Intel was stuck on the 14nm process for over six years due to multiple delays in the development of 10nm nodes.

The fact that AMD keeps undercutting every competing Intel product doesn’t help either. For every chip that Intel launches, AMD

Apple’s shift from Intel to their in-house M1 chips amid a global chip shortage was definitely a very big blow to Intel as well.

From The Ashes Rises The Phoenix: Intel’s Potential Turnaround

2021 Resurgence of PC

After a 10-year slump, the PC industry had a resurgence last year, when sales grew 15% to 341M units, the highest numbers since 2012. Currently, there are a total of 1.4B active windows devices worldwide. The Windows 11 hardware requirement is helping to get sales even higher up. Moreover, new gaming Chromebooks are getting released with the new 12th Gen intel processors.

Intel 12th Gen CPUs

Intel 12th Gen is based on the alder lake architecture (intel 7 node) and introduced the big.LITTLE method where there are performance cores and efficiency cores to be more powerful and power efficient than ever. The new alder lake processors bring support for PCIe gen 5 and DDR5 RAM support. These new gen processors are so future oriented that microsoft had to release windows 11 even though they had said there won’t be anymore windows versions after windows 10. Windows 11 has been designed from the ground up to utilize the performance and efficiency cores. Alder lake processors also bring a refreshing new look with a bigger integrated heat spreader (IHS) and a much cooler looking bundled stock cooler (laminar RM1 And RH1). They also require the new LGA1700 socket. Alder lake’s fastest cpu so far is the i9 12900 KS and their core i5 lineup has after a long time brought back the i5 superiority in gaming for its budget friendliness and performance. The i5 12400 is the best budget gaming chip according to many well known reviewers.

New ARC GPU Lineup

After years of including integrated graphics, Intel has finally began producing dedicated GPUs for the market. They announced their new ARC graphics division and disclosed plans to ship more than four million discrete GPUs this year.

ARC Alchemist is based on the TSMC N6 node. It will be available in up to 512 vector units, 4096 shader cores and 16GB GDD6 memory. This line of graphics promises to compete with RTX 3060 Ti or RX 6700. The two Arc Alchemist GPU dies are covering three different product families, the 700, 500 and 300 series. The first letter also represents the family, so A770 stands for Alchemist, and future Battlemage parts could be called Arc B770.

The few desktop GPUs unveiled so far in the ARC lineup are Arc A770, A750, A580 and A380. The budget card Arc A380 is already available on the market and Arc A770 (the one trying to compete with RTX 3060) will launch on 12th October.

Conclusion

Intel is advancing their production line to be ready for the future requirement of super advanced processors based on even tinier nodes.

Competitors like TSMC and SAMSUNG won’t back down so Intel needs to keep pushing to remain relevant in the future. Their current progress is promising as they have also entered the GPU market.

Contributor

  • Asgar Azwad

    Asgar, co-founder and editor at The Interlude, is currently a med school student and constantly testing the limits of the human spirit.

Asgar Azwad

Asgar, co-founder and editor at The Interlude, is currently a med school student and constantly testing the limits of the human spirit.

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